pedestrianisation came from UK case studies, it was thought useful to include international case studies, particularly those from Western Europe, the USA and Canada, and Australasia. Pedestrianisation, for example, can result in places becoming lifeless at night, giving rise to security concerns. London’s street family: Theory and case studies 137 Study: Oxford Street Central London; Westminster Summary Context: Oxford Street, the UK’s top-ranked retail location, and the busiest retail street in Europe, is crucial to London’s GDP and attracts more than 500,000 daily visitors. However, in another setting this might not be an issue and pedestrianising a street could be exactly what is needed. This article analyses the impact of partial pedestrianisation, using a case study conducted in Brighton, UK. Before and after studies found modest traffic reduction within the area and an increase in cycling during the week, but no significant overall modal shift. Pedestrianisation a great necessity in urban designing to create a sustainable city in developing countries Introduction: There are different meanings regarding pedestrianisation. There was a high level of public support for the pedestrianisation. It is a key east-west They balance a wide range of uses, communicate values and signify the transformation of neighbourhoods, towns and cities. them are right for every place. Pedestrianisation offers a viable solution, argues Barton Willmore's John Haxworth. From this point of view, the KHC case differs from other pedestrianisation examples, as research has shown that the success of this scheme has created a less welcome outcome, that is, the replacement of many smaller older businesses with domestic and international chain-stores, or eating/drinking facilities, as a result of increased shop rents. The result of this study shows that area-wide pedestrianisation has a greater effect than individual pedestrianisation. The 'Narroway' in Hackney Central had historically forced cyclists onto the pavements to avoid a busy bus route, which itself created significant congestion issues. 10 case studies on improving street design Streets are hard-working spaces. In total 37 articles were identified and their summaries or abstracts read. the Oxford study, although methodologically very interesting and a source of ideas for this study, was limited by its sample size (117) – it was carried out as part of an MSc dissertation; overall there is a lack of direct evidence on willingness-to-pay for townscape improvements and pedestrianisation … Despite it being high on City Hall’s agenda, London’s air quality is woefully low. Before-and-after studies found a modest traffic reduction within the area and an increase in cycling during the week, but no significant overall modal shift. The conversion of the 1.15 km-long main street into a pedestrian street was seen as a pioneering effort, which gave rise to much public debate before the street was converted. The study does highlight examples of pedestrianisation schemes that have resulted in increased pedestrian flows and turnover for businesses, however, many have plentiful nearby parking. The pedestrianization of Copenhagen began with the city’s main street, Strøget, which was converted in 1962 as an experiment. This case study looks at lessons from the successful conversion of a narrow London street to a pedestrian and cycle-only area. This article analyses the impact of partial pedestrianisation, using a case study conducted in Brighton, UK. To be sustainable and fit for purpose in the 21st century, streets need to respond to the demands of climate change and shifts in culture. Local people with a good understanding of life in the area will be in a good One of the biggest contributors to poor air quality in London and our other major UK cities is exhaust emissions from cars, which is … The West End area in Central London is employed as a most-likely case study area to expect the effects of the area-wide pedestrianisation scheme. There was a high level of public support for the pedestrianisation scheme. Pedestrianization of Copenhagen began with the city ’ s main street,,. In 1962 as an experiment effects of the area-wide pedestrianisation has a greater effect than pedestrianisation. Study area to expect the effects of the area-wide pedestrianisation has a effect... The city ’ s air quality is woefully low a greater effect than individual pedestrianisation agenda London. Successful conversion of a narrow London street to a pedestrian and cycle-only area to security concerns using a study. 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