However, it just helps to understand that there are different classifications for the various programming languages. You take a bucket and some sealing materials to fix the problem. While each can denote something that varies slightly, for your introductory understanding, you can think of the following as being equivalent: Computers and humans represent and understand information in different formats. CGI: CGI stands for Common Gateway Interface. Computer science is a branch of science and technology that encompasses all aspects of a computer system including computer software, hardware, and networking. BUS: A bus is a set of wires that enables flow of data from one location of the computer to another. Computer science looks at the theoretical parts of computers. LAN: LAN is an acronym for Local Area Network that spans small area. A computer is a machine that performs computations based on instructions. When you are not using an IDE, you will need to launch the compiler and specify the source file you would like it to compile for you. Code is a synonym for the “instructions” within a file. The instructions aren’t in English or any other spoken language; they are in a special type of language, called a programming language. Binary code is a coding system using the binary digits 0 and 1 to represent a letter, digit, or other character in a computer or other electronic device. A character can be a letter, numerical digit, punctuation sign, symbol, space, next line return, tab, etc. It’s also synonymous with software. Peter Day's Glossary of Computer Terms Denis Howe's Dictionary of Computing Client: A client is a program that asks for information from other processes or programs. Process: It’s a series of commands that changes data values. It is responsible for executing instructions, such as the code in a program. Computer System: A computer system is a basic, complete and functional computer, including all the hardware and software required to make it functional for any user. Hardware consists of the physical components of your computer. Below is a list of popular computer science terminology. The root name is the unique name you choose to give your file, which is comprised of the characters appearing to the left of the dot (.) Memory: Memory is the internal storage location where data and information is stored on a computer. Computer science is the study of algorithmic processes, computational machines and computation itself. It’s the platform used by a program to access different services on the computer system. When you open an application such as Microsoft Word on your computer, the code to run Microsoft Word gets loaded into main memory. After you create your program, you must save your code within a file, called a source file. Kernel: It is a program called when a computer system is started. A list of common computer science terms. Thi… Query: Query is a request made by a computer from a database residing in the same system or a remotely located system. It refers to a digit number, either a 0 or a 1. FAT: FAT is an acronym for File Allocation Table. Definition - What does Computer Science mean? Software consists of a set of instructions for the hardware. A paradigm is a mindset. Binary (“machine language”) is referred to as a “low-level language.” It’s considered to be “low-level” because it is a language that machines understand. Here are a few common types of programming paradigms: As an example, Java and C are examples of programming languages. Computer science is the science of the systematic processing of information. Learning how to debug a program is a skill that you will develop over the course of your professional life. Let’s assume you have a leak in a water pipe in your garden. This science revolves around studying the structure and expressions of algorithms, which are then used to solve complex problems. n. The study of computation and computer technology, hardware, and software. Saving your code within a source file requires naming the file with a root name and an extension. Entity-relationship diagram: It’s a diagram that represents entities and how they are related to each other. Secondary Storage stores your programs and data when they are not actively being used. Programmers type their programs in a programming language. Environment: Environment refers to the interaction among all factors external to a physical platform. And while the development of the first computer systems has its origins in electrical engineering and communications engineering. An environment is made of specific software, hardware, and network protocols that allow communication with the system. Each character on your keyboard has a unique binary representation that distinguishes the character from the rest. However, computers are only a tool and [medium of comp… In simple words it is an automatic processing with the help of computer systems. For that reason, when you later reopen your document, it will be translated from binary format and back into English (or whichever language you used). Here’s a simple definition for the word “paradigm.”. AND Logic Gate. ZIP: ZIP is an acronym for Zone Information Protocol. Computer science is the integration of principles and applications of technologies that are required to provide access to information. However, if your program contains one or more bugs, it may cause an error, preventing the compiler from producing the executable. It is related to electrical engineering, mathematics, and language science. Big Data. Computer Science. Note that 97 is a human-readable format, which is called “Decimal” format. If the compiler produces an error, you will need to go back through your code to debug it and correct the mistake(s). ADC. This science revolves around studying the structure and expressions of algorithms, which are then used to solve complex problems. By learning the basic terminology used in computer sciences, other, more complicated concepts will be easier to understand. The following terms and definitions were collected from the web sites. It resembles a table of contents so that files can be located on a computer. For additional information, please refer to the following sites: © 2021 Quickbase. Actuator. HBR Report: Reevaluating Digital Transformation During COVID-19, Webinar: Driving Business Success with Dual-Track Transformation. Since nearly all computers are now connected to the Internet, the computer science umbrella covers Internet technologies as well. Data: Data refers to the information that is saved on a computer. Application: An application is a set of codes designed to allow specific tasks to happen. Before you can run (“execute”) your code, your source file needs to be translated from C (the higher-level language) to a binary (the lower-level language) executable file. It represents one point within an image. After a while, you see that the leak is much bigger that you need a plumber to bring bigger tools. IDE is a programming system that combines several tools of programming to provide an integrated platform for programming. The Computer Science program at Ryerson offers training in software technology, robotics, and cryptography with a co-op option. User-focused aspects of computer science include computer graphics and user interface design. DTP: Desk Top Publisher (ing) is a term that describes a program that enables users to create, design, and print items such as business cards, birthday cards, letterheads, calendars, invitations, and so on. People designed computers to be efficiently used by humans. That may sound pretty abstract, but you can surprisingly convert a decimal number to binary (and binary to decimal) using mathematical formulas. It also contains a set of defined words called keywords (or “reserved words”) that have a specific meaning when used in a program. Software: Software is a program (coding) that the computer reads. computer scientist n. “Code” is just a bunch of words and punctuation symbols within a computer program, written in a programming language. Binary is a language made up of combinations of 0s and 1s. A computer is a machine that performs computations based on instructions. A complex definition: Computer Science is the study of information technology, processes, and their interactions with the world. ROM: ROM is an acronym for Read-Only Memory. Pixel: Pixel is formed by combining the two words viz. Meaning of computer-science. Our expert team will help you get started right away. Browse through our list of over 15,000 computer terms and definitions using the above search, browsing by letter, or by clicking one of the links below. This translation process is called Compilation. Anytime you save data (such as a Word document) to you computer, the computer stores all the characters you type in a special format, called binary, also known as machine language. It should have the ability to receive user input, process data and with the processed data, create information for future storage and/or output. There’s no need to do this — this is just for your information. Gartner 2020 Critical Capabilities Report. This term refers to the amount of information that can be transmitted or processed, either wirelessly or... 3. To sum it up, hardware is anything you can physically touch. Learn more. A source file is simply a file that contains source code, which is your program’s code. Terms related to mathematics, including definitions about logic, algorithms and computations and mathematical terms used in computer science and business. In essence, it’s a file saved on your computer, written in a programming language, that contains instructions to tell the computer what to do when the program is launched. You can write your code using a text editor or an Integrated Development Environment (IDE). WWW: WWW stands for World Wide Web. When using an IDE, the IDE may handle running the compiler program for you when you run your code. You can find out the numerical code (ASCII code) for each character by looking it up in an ASCII table, such as here: https://www.cs.cmu.edu/~pattis/15-1XX/common/handouts/ascii.html. For now, you don’t need to know what it means for a programming language to be classified as object-oriented or procedural. Its responsibility is to manage memory storage and security of Data. The Bus is a group of wires that connect the different hardware components. Programming concepts include functions, algorithms, and source code design. You simply open the text editor application, create a file, type in some text, and save your document in the desired file format, such as .docx or .pdf. Virtual Memory: Virtual Memory is the unused memory on the hard disk used when certain applications require more RAM than is available on the machine. These wires allow data to be passed between the different hardware components. A Network allows your computer to connect to other computers around the world. Binary Code. If your program contains no bugs within the code, it will produce the executable, and the compilation process successfully completes. In some cases a narrow denition is given for simplicity sake. Quickbase is a registered trademark of Quickbase, Inc. Tech Terms Quiz about the important and widely used terms in the field of Computer Science and Information Technology. These instructions are typically saved in files on your computer. Operating System: An Operating System provides the software platform required for various applications to run on. (computer science) a device that forwards data packets between computer networks search engine a computer program that retrieves documents or files or data from a database or from a computer network (especially from the internet) Now that you’re ready to impress with these computer science terms, you can feel confident that you can keep up with the basic conversations in your first … Since binary language isn’t an efficient means of communication for humans, it would not make sense for humans to see their Word documents in binary format. MOdulation and DEModulation. computer science definition: 1. the study of computers and how they can be used 2. the study of computers and how they can be…. To learn programming, you must first learn the basics of computer hardware. Note: a lot of these topics are covered in the following introductory textbook to C programming: The Art and Science of C, by Eric Roberts, https://www.cs.cmu.edu/~pattis/15-1XX/common/handouts/ascii.html, https://codebeautify.org/decimal-binary-converter, The Art and Science of C, by Eric Roberts, Six Reasons Why You Should Start Using Tailwind CSS, Visual Studio Code Extensions to Enhance Productivity in 2021, WebAssembly and Rust: There and Back Again, Developing and publishing a TypeScript NPM package, Deploy a Smart Contract using Python: How-to, Advanced React Hooks: Deep Dive into useEffect Hook, How to Learn to Code in 2021- Free and Fast Guide, “code” = “computer instructions” = “software” = “program” = “app” = “application”, “coding” = “programming” = “software development” = “software engineering”, “programmer” = “coder” = “software developer” = “web developer” = “software engineer”. ALU. The Java programming language is an example of an object-oriented programming language. API: API refers to Application Programming Interface. After a while, you n… “Binary” format implies that the numerical values are represented in base-2, meaning that the digits 0 and 1 are used to form the values. Computer terms, dictionary, and glossary. Computer science, the study of computers and computing, including their theoretical and algorithmic foundations, hardware and software, and their uses for processing information. It is the battery powered chip that is situated on the Motherboard that retains system information such as date and time. I/O Devices allow people to interact with the computer. Algorithm. 1. Its sole responsibility is to run specific applications within the network. The different components of computer hardware each serve various purposes. Define computer science. ‘Zhuang studied computer science at college for two years, but never had any real interest in the subject.’ ‘The facility will investigate computer science and the social context of technology.’ ‘It has yet to become a widely accepted core element of computer science or IT degree programs.’ This contrasts with data structures, which are concrete representations of data from the point of view of an implementer rather than a user. These questions will be beneficial for students preparing for TCS IT Wiz 2018. TCP/IP: TCP/IP is an acronym for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol. For instance, Visual Basic provides an IDE. Create custom solutions that enable your organization to flex and evolve. WAN: WAN is an acronym for Wide Area Network. This means, anytime the character ‘a’ appears in your document, your computer saves the data for it in the binary equivalent to the value 97. It is semiconductor-based storage system that saves information permanently. Glossary of Computer Related Terms. Just like English, a programming language also has its own set of rules, or syntax. Microsoft Windows and Internet Explorer are common examples. It is often used to … Computer Terms & Tech Terms Quiz. Internet: Internet is a network that accommodates several computers to facilitate exchange and transfer of data. Definition of computer-science in the Definitions.net dictionary. Quickbase receives the highest score for the Citizen Development use case for the second year in a row. A LAN can be connected to another LAN to accommodate more computers. A compiler is a computer program used for compiling your code. Buffer: Buffer is a location, especially in RAM, for storage of temporary data to speed up an operation such as disk access or printing. For instance, there are programming languages that are more suitable for web development (making websites) and there are others that are more suitable for mobile development (making smartphone apps). The discipline of computer science includes the study of algorithms and data structures and artificial intelligence. An IDE is a computer application that contains all the tools you need to program, such as a text editor, a compiler, a runtime environment, and a debugger. Information and translations of computer-science in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. The binary digit is used to represent computerized data. Credit belongs to the original authors, especially to Peter Day, from whose glossary most of the terms were collected. Instance: It is an object described by its class. It encompasses both the study of theoretical algorithms and the practical problems involved in implementing them through computer hardware and software. IDE: It stands for Integrated Development Environment. of your file name, and the extension is what appears to the right of the dot. STUDY. Analog technology is any piece of technology that does its job without processing numbers electronically like... 2. It’s a term used to define the Internet. This includes areas such as automation, information theory, programming languages, algorithms, computational methods, artificial intelligence, software architecture, parallel processing, information security and human-computer interaction. 25 Computer science terms you need to know 1. To excel at and understand computer science, it is important to understand industry terminology. Boolean: An expression, the value of which is either true or false. A paradigm is a way of thinking or a way of doing something. Kernel is responsible for setting up system calls in order to manage hardware and system services, and allocate resources to applications. I/O Devices allow people to input data into the computer (keyboard, mouse, microphone) or output data to the user (monitor, printer, speakers). There are 6 main components that make up a computer’s hardware: The CPU is often called the “brain” of the computer. It gives the computer a platform to run the software using a floppy disk or a hard disk. Packet: Sections in which message or data are divided to transfer it over a network. Computer Science: Abbreviations - In this chapter, we will discuss the different abbreviations in Computer Science. When you want to write an essay, you use a computer application such as Word or any text editor. Computer science is the branch of knowledge concerned with information processes. Let’s assume you have a leak in a water pipe in your garden. Such a network spans over an area larger than a LAN. The software side of computer science covers programming concepts as well as specific programming languages. Class: A group of objects having same operations and attributes is defined as a class. If you can kick it, punch it, or pick it up to throw it, it’s hardware. Computer science is the study of both computer hardware and software design. The term implies changing of data from digital to analog and then back to digital. BIOS: BIOS stands for Basic Input/Output System. A programming language is referred to as a “high-level language” since it is a language that humans can read and understand. Each character has a unique numerical code that distinguishes it from others. PLAY. Outlook Express is a great example of a client. Accumulator. The C programming language is an example of a procedural programming language. Bandwidth. 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