�)��jB �ͲKR "It is a competitive neighborhood.". Many of those magnates made their fortunes under opaque conditions and fund some of their countries' biggest political parties. Regional cooperation … Faced with these challenges, Moldova recognizes the need to join a European community that is free, prosperous and at peace. /FirstChar 32 @~~�� NIP 2011-2013 — Republic of Moldova 2 Table of contents INTRODUCTION: THE MID-TERM REVIEW..... 4 Domestic developments..... 5 Developments in EU-Moldova … But as Moldova shows, even when parties are formally committed to European values, old habits can die hard. He says that civil society has a hugely important role to play in applying pressure upon ruling parties to do better. The Eastern European Journal for Regional Studies (EEJRS) is dedicated to foster an effective interaction between innovation, education and research in the Eastern European Neighbourhood countries in order to better understand its transformations induced by European integration process.. EEJRS is a two times peer-reviewed academic journal (June and December). It is contributing soil erosion, which is a major problem in the country, while fertility of the soil is in constant decline. "Travelling to Eastern Europe to help improve the lives of others" who are teech. Ukraine, Moldova, Belarus and Southern Caucasus European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA NATIONAL INDICATIVE PROGRAMME 2011-2013 . The selected text has limit of 300 characters. CU1ب[��*E0�_���j7$V8 All are now caught up in a geopolitical tug-of-war between Russia and Europe. Democracy, good governance and stability, sustainable economic development, improving energy and transport cooperation, protecting the environment and resolving conflicts are challenges where regional cooperation can make a difference. In August, an online session on disease management was arranged, with leading physicians sharing experiences of treatment of COVID-19 patients, as well as of preparedness plans, treatment protocols and how to optimize human resources to respond to the pandemic. It also risks fueling efforts by pro-Russian parties to discredit the EU and urge the former Soviet republic closer to Moscow. Work in agriculture may involve using dangerous machinery and tools, carrying heavy loads and applying harmful pesticides. (including Transnistria), located in the South-Eastern Europe, bordering Ukraine to the north, south, and east, and Romania to the west. The centre of gravity of Moldova's problems lies in the PMR, however, so EU strategy should … �d���O{)�����]{�V�+�)F0A0o:%��҄hꉴiF�N��5��q 03ti�� Ż 3�ȼA?�[�V��i��i���3��K��I��*B%�*�\N�Z��"��� 4 0 obj The country still remains one of Europe’s poorest countries, heavily dependent on Russian resources. /Type /Font >> The presence of a pro-Russian, self-proclaimed statelet called Transdniester within Moldova's borders, guarded by Russian peacekeepers, adds pressure to come to terms with Moscow. "We want to ensure in our dealings with our partners that they have all the capacity, all the conditions to make their own choice about their future," Fuele says. It also suggests that Moldova, Georgia, and Ukraine might best focus on reforming their systems for the sake of improving their own states as much as for the goal of joining the EU. To comment on a portion of text or report a mistake or typo, select the text in the article and press Ctrl + Enter (or click. While this destination isn't too popular among visitors, Moldova is a fairly safe country to travel, however there are a few things you should know before visiting. � �?�� D�^S���(�!��� Stronger engagement with Eastern European countries would benefit from reform of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)—a challenge on which the United States, Canada, and EU member states need to coordinate well to see it through. /Length1 230068 The European Union faces tough challenges fostering its values farther east, where oligarchs who rule or wield enormous policy influence might not share Brussels' views on corruption and rule of law. /FontWeight 400 DIRECTORATE Eastern Europe, Southern Caucasus, Central Asian Republics. >> ����F�~���V^�G)??A~�A����[�9�'�>�]p?�/��e�_ʿ��F�Đ����#? Although the economic crisis has delayed structural reforms, a new three-year loan programme with the IMF should bolster central bank independence and improve fiscal and monetary policy. However, poverty is decreasing at a steady rate. Speaking at a video meeting of foreign ministers of Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova in the format of the "Trio of EU Associated Partners", Ukraine’s Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba stated that Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova are the European Union's most ambitious eastern partners. 14 0 obj �a%t!��%ȫ�K�g �k`)�Z�2�ςeʛ��A>�#��|�Pހ��y�B>V#�g(�a#�A�D����|8�k��\@�B8���"8Gy6S�6 _�"_��l��/���߀M�߄�*�r8� �0L���y/v-��(�e����%���Y��m�A�aU�� 07����b>����-*��ź����ց5�W����V���݀���V���8������3�to�t�� �+���F�����D!�|f�z���`s�E�SG�h�K�)腩9'�Pj��-pE�C�^h�Bw.,��NL�Į�&c�sԱ��M^0�QL��b �YL?ab�-�VL�8��YL���#.X{� x^o �$�^�U! After the formation of each new ruling coalition in Chisinau, for instance, it has been common for the parties to divide control of state institutions between them, including the nominally independent judiciary. And the West has a stake in our success. /CapHeight 694 11 0 obj ;�����������g�g��A?��S�/���{(�ǐ_�Ǖ=���e���+�Ky^�_ ��;�%���W�����_#� ~���T����Ax�5x�uح�(�g�߀�ߤ���솷a�؋��?�K�3�.�����/�� Iȯp�%�N��PDU� ��kB9t��,2E?�Ɉ�s2H�Ģ"],i��,q� �9Psk�r����rI��s�~�7�.�r%k^>�8-�����*� /Widths 5 0 R f����0�:�o�]``````L_1�,���D�n~ͦ��ҧ�+�00Q}%��+��֤�BE���h��ʈГ꫁�WRb�-$$����#*��ʤ�W����&���� F5�5#�Wڵ++���W�9���$Ø@� (�Yl!�T!�1[-. /Type /FontDescriptor C����� �GEL2���������������������������p�A�mNld���֥F��֬�QD/�3 /Subtype /TrueType The three other countries in the six-member Eastern Partnership program -- Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Belarus -- have taken little interest in reforms or are closely linked to Moscow. Left between them are several countries in Eastern Europe: Ukraine, Belarus, and Moldova. endobj >> CENTRAL EASTERN EUROPEAN EXPERIENCE Lead Author Dovilė Šukytė Authors Victoria Bucătaru Simonas Čepėnas Hennadiy Maksak Svetlana Rogov Iurii Vdovenko November 2015 Project Funded by the European Union. Brussels has offered Moldova considerable access to European markets, visa-free travel, and help with adopting standards that make its products to the EU and other global markets. That suggests that EU may have to decide for itself whether it really wants new members before it can judge its eastern partners too harshly for stop-and-go progress toward European integration. The closest Brussels has come is its reassurance to a post-Yanukovych Kyiv that the Association Agreement Ukraine signed on March 21, 2014, in Brussels, "does not constitute the final goal in EU-Ukraine cooperation. And for all of them, their post-Soviet transition has become vastly more challenging as a result of the breakdown of Europe’s … /FontBBox [-498 -216 1333 694] What's in It for You? Stefan Fuele, the EU's former enlargement commissioner, says the political crisis in Moldova illustrates three factors that can hamper reform efforts. /ItalicAngle -16.4 Moldova declared its independence from the former Soviet Union in August 1991. /LastChar 122 But Brussels seems loathe to offer such encouragement when member states are divided over the question of bringing in Moldova, Ukraine, and Georgia. /Descent -216 /StemV 40 ���������И����И~���#4��1���GhL?Bc�ӏИ�6��oӘ�6��oӘ���oј���oј�&��oҘ�&��oҘ�&��oИ���oИ���iL?Lc�a�Ә~���C4��1���Ә�:��Ә�:��ј���ј���iL?Hc�A�Ҙ~���4��1� ��hL�Oc�~���bL�����b�>��ј����}4��1}���hL���WiL���WiL���WhL���WhL����Ҙ�2��/Ә�2��/Ә���/ј���/ј�"��/Ҙ�"��/Ҙ�����4��1�E��Ҙ�����4��1}��{hL�Cc��_�1��_�1�ӟ�1�yӟ�1�yӟ�1�9ӟ�1�9ӟ�1}7��iL�Mc�n�wӘ�����4�?Kc�n�wӘ�����4�?Cc�34�?Cc�34�?Mc��4�?Mc��4�?u�� "These countries suffer from oligarchic, corrupt systems which have held back their development over the last 20 years, and one question is whether the kind of relationship the EU is offering them gives some kind of leverage to those who like to see cleaner government," says Ian Bond, director of foreign policy at the London-based Center for European Reform. Some of these same parties are now leading their countries' respective drives toward Europe. ��p�U��j��[pr/�k`��������%��Q��(��2�o�7��C���M��r��_p�Mp%��p��\���P���|\�|;l�>ߧ|\�|'\�� ������m��w���{���|7܈�� ����O�f�{�{���-h���pZ�nG~�r����P�A܉��!?? /Filter /FlateDecode However, the spirit of EU policy has not changed: Moldova has largely been forgotten and there is no strategy on the PMR. The EU has a low profile in Moldova. Moldova's governing coalition, the Alliance for European Integration III coalition, collapsed on October 29 in a no-confidence vote after months of street protests over the disappearance last year of some $1 billion from the state banking system. %���� endobj endobj Moldova, a former standout among the six members of the EU's Eastern Partnership program, provides a telling example. /MaxWidth 1831 x�}TM��0��+|�V��s� �r臚��ꁀ�"59�_3��f��"%�ͼ73~� ն��af�77v;3��`{g���u���q���Y?t��;�Sz��z��ikc�ٰ�O�gwee?�ͧ ��z�{d?����e�����3�AQ��|�����=��q���0_���|������ޜ��3��Gl� To discredit the EU 's former enlargement commissioner, says the political in. Has not changed: Moldova has largely been forgotten and there is no Strategy on the PMR: Moldova cultivated... Poorest countries, heavily dependent on Russian resources where most travelers go when visiting the,. Socialists demand the government 's resignation in Chisinau on October 29 Union in 1991 it! 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